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Internet/IT Terminology & Definitions

Below is an extensive list of various terms that are used on the internet and for various programming languages, such as HTML. The list is by no means completely encompassing and we are adding to it on a regular basis. Let us know if you thing other terms and definitions should be added.

Click on any of the 'sliders' below with the beginning letter of the terms you're searching for - i.e. Click 'Terms E - H' to see what HTML is defined as...

  • 404 ERROR - is a frequently-seen status code that tells a Web user that a requested page is "Not found." 404 and other status codes are part of the Web's Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP).
  • 80 - If you occasionally see a mysterious "80" on the name of a Web server that is handling your request for Web pages, this is a bit of technical stuff showing through when perhaps it shouldn't. A Web server sits and waits for requests from clients (such as your Web browser). Most Web servers are set up to "awaken" and respond to requests from clients whose Uniform Resource Locator (URL) requests include "port 80" as part of their information. When you see the "80" showing up in the server address at the bottom of your screen, all it means is that the server uses the usual default port number. (You don't usually see this because some servers can be set up so that this number is not visible to the browser user.)
  • 121 - In Internet e-commerce, 121 is short for one-to-one, the philosophy that treating each customer as a special individual is a more successful approach than treating customers as a group of similar individuals.

Terms - A to B

  • ACCESS LOG - An access log is a list of all the requests for individual files that people have requested from a Web site. These files will include the HTML files and their imbedded graphic images and any other associated files that get transmitted. The access log (sometimes referred to as the "raw data") can be analyzed and summarized by another program.

  • ACTIVE X - A programming language designed for program execution in a Microsoft Internet Explorer browser
  • ACROBAT - A program from Adobe that lets you capture a document and then view it in its original format and appearance.
  • AFFILIATE -Programs that generate leads and sales from other websites, paying commissions for those sites that host their products.
  • ADO - ActiveX Data Objects (ADO) is an application program interface from Microsoft that lets a programmer writing Windows applications get access to a relational or non-relational database from both Microsoft and other database providers.
  • AIM - Instant messaging (sometimes called IM or IMing) is the ability to easily see whether a chosen friend or co-worker is connected to the Internet and, if they are, to exchange messages with them. Instant messaging differs from ordinary e-mail in the immediacy of the message exchange and also makes a continued exchange simpler than sending e-mail back and forth. Most exchanges are text-only. However, some services allow attachments.
  • ALT TAG - Text placed within a web page, for when you mouse over an item, text, graphic, or logo, displays text matching that explaining what it is. Specifically needed for the seeing impaired who rely heavily on alt tags to view web pages. Also, key in weighting down a page with key words optimizing it for Search Engine Placement.
  • ALIAS - A name that is substituted for a more complicated name. For example, a simple alias may be used instead of a more complicated mailing address or for a mailing list.
  • APPLET- A small Java program that can be embedded in an HTML page. Applets differ from Java applications in that they do not have access to certain resources on a local computer, such as files, modems, or printers. They are also prohibited from communicating with most other computers within a network.
  • ARCHIVE - A collection of files stored on a computer.
  • ARPANET - Where the Internet began; the Advanced Research Projects Agency (of the U.S. Department of Defense) computer network that was the forerunner of the Internet.
  • ARP - Address Resolution Protocol (ARP) is a protocol for mapping an Internet Protocol address (IP address) to a physical machine address that is recognized in the local network. For example, in IP Version 4, the most common level of IP in use today, an address is 32 bits long. In an Ethernet local area network, however, addresses for attached devices are 48 bits long. (The physical machine address is also known as a Media Access Control or MAC address.) A table, usually called the ARP cache, is used to maintain a correlation between each MAC address and its corresponding IP address. ARP provides the protocol rules for making this correlation and providing address conversion in both directions.
  • ASCII - The American Standard Code for Information Interchange, a standard way for computers to use bits and bytes to represent characters. An ASCII file contains simple text without any special formatting codes.
  • ASP - Active Server Pages (ASP). Dynamic programming on a Microsoft environment, usually using VB/JScript
  • ATTACHMENT - An electronic document, picture, video or audio clip, or any other type of file, sent with an e-mail.
  • AUP - Acceptable Use Policy (AUP) is a policy that a user must agree to follow in order to be provided with access to a network or to the Internet. It is common practice when you sign up with an Internet service provider (ISP), you will usually be presented with an AUP, which states that you agree to adhere to certain stipulations.
  • AUTHENTICATION - A security measure for checking authenticity of users identity.
  • AUTORESPONDER - People use this to inform others when they are away from there computers and unable to answer e-mail for awhile automatically.
  • AVI - Short for Audio Visual Interleave. The file formats for Microsoft's video for Windows Standard.
  • AVATAR - A graphical representation of a person in a chat room. The word comes from Hindu mythology in which spirits come down and inhabit bodies.
  • B2B - On the Internet, B2B (business-to-business), also known as e-biz, is the exchange of products, services, or information between businesses rather than between businesses and consumers.
  • B2C - Is short for business-to-consumer, or the retailing part of e-commerce on the Internet. It is often contrasted to B2B or business-to-business.
  • B2E - is business-to-employee, an approach in which the focus of business is the employee, rather than the consumer (as it is in business-to-consumer, or B2C) or other businesses (as it is in business-to-business, or B2B). The B2E approach grew out of the ongoing shortage of information technology (IT) workers.
  • BACKBONE - A network through which other, smaller networks are connected.
  • BANNER: Used for web advertising, a banner is a graphic image advertisement.
  • BANDWIDTH - Refers to the amount of data that can be sent through a connection. In digital systems, bandwidth is expressed as data speed in bits per second (bps). Thus, a modem that works at 57,600 bps has twice the bandwidth of a modem that works at 28,800 bps.
  • BASIC - BASIC was an early programming language that is still among the simplest and most popular of programming languages.
  • BAUD RATE - A measurement of how quickly a modem transfers data. Although, strictly speaking, this is not the same as bits per second, the two terms are often used interchangeably.
  • BINARY - Information consisting of ones and zeros as well files referring to not to test such as images.
  • BINHEX -(BINary HEXadecimal) the process to convert non-text files in ASCII. Email can only handle ASCII.
  • BLOG - On a Web site, a blog, a short form of Web log or weblog, is a personal journal that is frequently updated and intended for general public consumption. Blogs generally represent the personality of the author or the Web site and its purpose.
  • BOUNCE EMAIL - or bounce mail is electronic mail that is returned to the sender because it cannot be delivered for some reason. Unless otherwise arranged, bounce e-mail usually appears as a new email note in your inbox. There are two kinds of bounce e-mail: hard bounce and soft bounce. Hard bounce e-mail is permanently bounced back to the sender because the address is invalid. Soft bounce e-mail is recognized by the recipient's mail server but is returned to the sender because the recipient's mailbox is full, the mail server is temporarily unavailable, or the recipient no longer has an e-mail account at that address.
  • BOOKMARK - A feature supported by web browsers to access frequently viewed web page when saved to this file. Rather then looking up a URL each time.
  • BBS - Bulletin Board System (BBS) A computer system to which other computers can connect so their users can read and leave messages, or retrieve and leave files.
  • BPS - Bits Per Second (BPS) A measure of the speed of data transmission; the number of bits of data that can be transmitted each second.
  • BROADBAND - High-speed data transmission in which a single cable carry several channels of data at one time.
  • BUDDY LIST - In instant messaging (IM or AIM) applications on a personal computer (PC), or on a cellular telephone with text display, a buddy list is a list of people a user wants to keep track of. A buddy list can be used to see who is offline, who is online, who is online but away from their computer, who has their phone turned off, who has their phone turned on, or who is currently talking on their phone.
  • BROWSER - Browser A client software program used to search networks, retrieve copies of files and display them in an easy-to-read, often graphical, format. Browsers such as Netscape Navigator and MicrosoftInternet Explorer are used to access information on the World Wide Web.
  • BYTE - A standard storage measurement of computer data. One byte equals approximately one ASCII character.

Terms - C to E

  • C++ - C++ is an object-oriented programming (OOP) language that is viewed by many as the best language for creating large-scale applications. C++ is a superset of the C language.
  • CABLE MODEM - A device that enables the hook up of a computer to a local cable television line which can receive data at about 1.5 megabits per second (Mbps). This data rate far exceeds that of the prevalent 28.8 and 56 kilobits per second (Kbps) telephone modems, as well as the up to 128 Kbps of Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN). It is similar to the data rate available to subscribers of Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) telephone service.
  • CACHE - Pronounced CASH, it is a directory on a computer's hard drive where the web browser stores recently visited web pages. When returning to a recently visited web page, the browser retrieves it from the cache rather than from the original web server, decreasing download time and reducing network traffic. The cache size can be adjusted, depending on the particular browser.
  • CANCEL BOT - A cancelbot is a program or bot (robot) that sends a message to one or more Usenet newsgroups to cancel (remove from posting) a certain type of message.
  • CHAT - A program that connects computers on a network for instantaneous, multi-way communication. People who use chat can type messages for delivery to a server, which displays the messages instantly so that users who are logged on to the chat service can respond immediately. On the Internet, chat is sometimes referred to as Internet Relay Chat (IRC).
  • CGI - The common gateway interface (CGI) is a standard way for a Web server to pass a Web user's request to an application program and to receive data back to forward to the user. When the user requests a Web page (for example, by clicking on a highlighted word or entering a Web site address), the server sends back the requested page. However, when a user fills out a form on a Web page and sends it in, it usually needs to be processed by an application program. The Web server typically passes the form information to a small application program that processes the data and may send back a confirmation message. This method or convention for passing data back and forth between the server and the application is called the common gateway interface (CGI).
  • CGI BIN - The place on a web server where CGI programs are stored.
  • CLIENT - A computer with a special software program used to retrieve data from a server (another computer). The server can be on the same network as the client or can be a great distance away. A web browser is a specific kind of client and a server is a web server accessed when downloading websites.
  • CLICK STREAM - In Web advertising, a click stream is the sequence of clicks or pages requested as a visitor explores a Web site.
  • CLICKABLE IMAGE MAP - A map or graphic that has hyperlinks in it extending information for specific areas when clicked on.
  • CONSULTING - One on one guidance to enhance your efforts and understanding for a complete informed WEB experience.
  • COM+ - COM+ is an extension of Component Object Model (COM), Microsoft's strategic building block approach for developing application programs. COM+ is both an object-oriented programming architecture and a set of operating system services. It adds to COM a new set of system services for application components while they are running, such as notifying them of significant events or ensuring they are authorized to run.
  • .COM - On the Internet, ".com" (dot com) is one of the top-level domain names that can be used when choosing a domain name. It generally describes the entity owning the domain name as a commercial organization.
  • COMPRESSED FILE - Computer files that have been reduced in size by a compression program. Such programs are available for all computer systems.
  • COOKIES - Cookie When you visit a website for the first time, a cookie (special type of file) is deposited and saved on the hard drive of your computer. On subsequent visits to the same site, the cookie records information about your activity on it. This is often used to guage where on a site individual users tend to frequent in order to develop page content tailored to each user's preferences.
  • COUNTER - On the Web, a counter is a program that counts and typically displays how many people have visited an HTML page (usually the home page). Many sites include a counter, either as a matter of interest or to show that the site is popular. The counter can be part of the common gateway interface (CGI) application that logs and analyzes requests.
  • COPS - Common Open Policy Service Protocol (COPS) is a proposed standard protocol for exchanging network policy information between a policy decision point (PDP) in a network and policy enforcement points (PEPs) as part of overall Quality of Service (QoS) - the allocation of network traffic resources according to desired priorities of service.
  • CSS - ( Cascading Style Sheets) An answer to the limitations of HTML, where the structure of documents was defined and not the display. CSS formats documents for display in browsers that support it.
  • CURL - A fully object-oriented language, Curl takes the greatest features of HTML, Javascript, DHTML and Java and combines them into a cross-browser, cross-platform technology that's easy to learn and has some serious power behind it.
  • CUSTOMIZED ONLINE FORMS - The ability to create forms to meet the needs of clients and their industry. I.e. Contact, Inquiries etc.
  • CUSTOMIZED SHOPPING CART - Development of software customized to a clients protocol and products that allows a viewer to place or retrieve contents when buying or selling items into one place before proceeding with their purchase or sale.
  • CRAWLER - A crawler is a program that visits Web sites and reads their pages and other information in order to create entries for a search engine index. The major search engines on the Web all have such a program, which is also known as a "spider" or a "bot."
  • CYBERSPACE - A term coined by author William Gibson. It describes the imaginary space in which computer users travel when "surfing" the Internet.
  • DATABASE DEVELOPMENT - The collection of data and information prudent to client for retrieval and search.
  • DATABASE FRONT END - The interface that integrates the WWW applications with higher qualified database programs.
  • DEDICATED COMNNECTION - A full-time connection to the Internet that does not require dialing in. It is available through a cable modem or Digital Subscriber Line (DSL).
  • DIAL UP ACCOUNT - Enables access to the Internet using a dial-up modem through a telephone line.
  • DIAL-IN DIRECT - Connection An Internet connection that is accessed by dialing in to a computer through a telephone line. Once connected, your computer acts as if it were an Internet host. This type of service is often called SLIP, CSLIP or PPP.
  • DISCUSSION BOARD - A forum on a Web site for the discussion of a specific topic or set of related topics.
  • DHTML - Dynamic HTML (DHTML) is typically used to describe the combination of HTML, style sheets and scripts that allows documents to be animated. Dynamic HTML allows a web page to change after it's loaded into the browser --there doesn't have to be any communication with the web server for an update. You can think of it as 'animated' HTML. For example, a piece of text can change from one size or color to another, or a graphic can move from one location to another, in response to some kind of user action, such as clicking a button.
  • DLL - (Dynamic Link Library) A library of functions stored on your hard drive that allows programs to use its resources, memory, disk drive etc. more efficiently.
  • DOC FILES - Microsoft word format
  • DOCUMENT VIEWER - Computer software that enables users to view documents on the Internet as it would appear if printed. An example of this type of software is Adobe Acrobat Reader
  • DOM - Document Object Model (DOM), a programming interface specification being developed by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), lets a programmer create and modify HTML pages and XML documents as full-fledged program objects.
  • DOMAIN NAME - An addressing system that enables websites on the Internet to be reached by a simple name rather than by an IP address or numbers. Examples of domain names include .org, .net, .com, .ca, .gov, .us, .info, .biz and .edu.
  • DOWNLOAD - The transfer of a file from one computer to another. To download a file is to request it from another computer (or from a web page on another computer).
  • DOT ADDRESS - A dot address (sometimes known as a dotted quad address) refers to the notation that expresses the four-byte (32-bit) IP address as a sequence of four decimal numbers separated by dots. Each number represents the binary value of one of four bytes. To find out the dot address (such as for a given domain name, Windows users can go to their MS DOS prompt screen and enter: ping xxx.yyy where xxx is the second-level domain name like "enicola" and yyy is the top-level domain name like "com").
  • DSL - Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) An Internet connection that allows for transfer of high-bandwidth information to a user's computer. DSL uses ordinary telephone lines. A DSL line can carry both data and voice. The data part of the line is a dedicated connection to the Internet and does not interfere with use of the telephone line it is connected to.
  • DRAM - Dynamic random access memory (DRAM) is the most common kind of random access memory (RAM) for personal computers and workstations.
  • DTD - A document type definition (DTD) is a specific definition that follows the rules of the Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML). A DTD is a specification that accompanies a document and identifies what the funny little codes (or markup) are that separate paragraphs, identify topic headings, and so forth and how each is to be processed.
  • DVD - (Digital Versatile Disk) CD sized disc used to store movies and other data.
  • DUN - Dial Up Networking
  • E2E - On the Internet, E2E has been used to mean exchange-to-exchange - that is, the exchange of information or transactions between Web sites that themselves serve as exchanges or brokers for goods and services between businesses. E2E can be thought of as a form of B2B.
  • E-COMMERCE -The ability to shop and exchange funds electronically online via the internet or a network. Simply put the ability to buy and sell on the internet.
  • ELECTRONIC RESUME - An electronic resume, also called a scannable resume, is a plain text (ASCII) or HTML document, often submitted with an employment application, that uses keywords to provide an employer with information regarding a job candidate's professional experience, education, and job qualifications.
  • ELECTRONIC STOREFRONT - A virtual space in an electronic mall, conisists of space on a server where HTML documents are stored.
  • E-FORM - An e-form (electronic form) is a computer program version of a paper form. Aside from eliminating the cost of printing, storing, and distributing pre-printed forms, and the wastage of obsolete forms, e-forms can be filled out faster because the programming associated with them can automatically format, calculate, look up, and validate information for the user.
  • E-MAIL - A message sent by computer from one user to another over a network.
  • EMBEDDED HYPERLINK - A hyperlink that is incorporated into a line of text.
  • EZINE - The term ezine is short for "electronic magazine." "E-zine" and "e-Zine" are spelling variations. A similar term is "ejournal." There are several usages of the term ezine.
  • EVERNET - The term Evernet has been used to describe the convergence of wireless, broadband, and Internet telephony technologies that will result in the ability to be continuously connected to the Web anywhere using virtually any information device.
  • ENCRYPTION - The way of making data unreadable to everyone except the receiver. Perfect for secure sites that use credit card numbers for commercial transactions.

Terms - F to J

  • FAST CGI - Is a programming interface that can speed up Web applications that use the most popular way to have the Web server call an application, the common gateway interface (CGI).
  • FIREWALL -A security measure that protects networks from unauthorized access into the inner file system of a computer.
  • FLATFILES - ASCII text files that contain data in a pre-set format.
  • FLASH - FLASH a popular authoring program, is used to create vector graphics-based animation programs with full-screen navigation interfaces, graphic illustrations, and simple interactivity in an antialiased, resizable file format that is small enough to stream across a normal modem connection. The software is ubiquitous on the Web, both because of its speed (vector-based animations, which can adapt to different display sizes and resolutions, play as they download) and for the smooth way it renders graphics. Flash files, unlike animated but rasterized GIF and JPEG, are compact, efficient, and designed for optimized delivery. Known as a do-it-yourself animation package, Flash 4 gives Web designers the ability to import artwork using whatever bitmap or illustration tool they prefer, and to create animation and special effects, and add sound and interactivity. The content is then saved as file with a .SWF file name extension.
  • FRR - In TCP/IP, fast retransmit and recovery (FRR) is a congestion control algorithm that makes it possible to quickly recover lost data packets. Without FRR, the TCP uses a timer that requires a retransmission timeout if a packet is lost.
  • FTP - (FILE TRANSFER PROTOCOL)- Common way to transfer or move files between two internet sites.
  • GATEWAY - A hardware or software set-up that translates between two dissimilar protocols, providing access to another system. AOL is a gateway to the internet.
  • GIGABYTE - A gigabyte (pronounced GIG-a-bite with hard G's) is a measure of computer data storage capacity and is "roughly" a billion bytes. A gigabyte is two to the 30th power, or 1,073,741,824 in decimal notation.
  • GIF - A format for image files, great for images with a large area of same color. Smaller then JPEG and does not store photographic images as well as JPEG.
  • GRAPHICS/LOGO DEVELOPMENT - Ability to create and develop customized logos or images received from or for a client.
  • GUI - GUI (usually pronounced GOO-ee) is a graphical (rather than purely textual) user interface to a computer. Your web browser is a GUI or graphical user interface.
  • HIT - A single request from a browser for a single item from a web server.
  • HOME PAGE -For a Web user, the home page is the first Web page that is displayed after starting a Web browser. The home page serves as a sort of road map in a multi-page website and is usually the first page a user sees.
  • HOST - Computer that provides web-documents to clients or users. See also server.
  • HTML - HyperText Markup Language. A standardized language of computer code, imbedded in "source" documents behind all Web documents, containing the textual content, images, links to other documents (and possibly other applications such as sound or motion), and formatting instructions for display on the screen. When you view a Web page, you are looking at the product of this code working behind the scenes in conjunction with your browser. Browsers are programmed to interpret HTML for display. HTML often imbeds within it other programming languages and applications such as SGML, XML, Javascript, CGI-script and more. It is possible to deliver or access and execute virtually any program via the Web.
  • HTTP -The protocol for moving hypertext files across the internet.
  • HTTPD - On the Web, each server has an HTTPD or Hypertext Transfer Protocol daemon that waits in attendance for requests to come in from the rest of the Web.
  • HYPERMEDIA - Multimedia links on the web that lead to sound, graphic, or text resources.
  • HYPERLINK - A synonym for hypertext link meaning the same thing. A link inside text leading to another document or page.
  • HYPERTEXT - Any text that contains links to other documents. Words and phrases in a document can be chosen by a viewer in which would cause another document or page to open. Excellent for keyword weight in the search engines as well.
  • ICON - Represents an object or program on your hard drive usually by a graphic or logo.
  • IMAP - Internet Message Access Protocol- using this an email client can not only retrieve email but view it and manipulate it on the server as well.
  • INLINE IMAGE - A built in graphic that is displayed by the browser as part of an HTML document and is retrieved along with it.
  • INTERNIC -The company responsible for maintaining domains on the web.]
  • IP - The Internet Protocol (IP) is the method or protocol by which data is sent from one computer to another on the Internet.
  • IP ADDRESS - Each computer on the Internet has at least one IP address that uniquely identifies it from all other computers on the Internet.
  • ISDN -Integrated Services Digital Network- a way to move more data over existing regular phone lines.
  • ISP - (Internet Service Provider) A person or business that supplies connectivity to the internet and through the internet.
  • J2EE - J2EE (Java 2 Platform, Enterprise Edition) is a Java platform designed for the mainframe-scale computing typical of large enterprises.
  • JAR - Java ARchive (JAR) file is a file that contains the class, image, and sound files for a Java applet gathered into a single file and compressed for faster downloading to your Web browser.
  • JAVA - To create programs that can be safely downloaded to your computer through the internet and immediately run without fear of viruses or other harm to your computer files. Using small JAVA programs (called APPLETS) web pages can include functions such as animation, calculators, and other fancy tricks.
  • JAVA SCRIPT - A scripting language not a programming language. The difference is mainly that scripting languages are parsed at runtime while programming languages are pre-compiled. In addition JS is designed to work specifically with the DOM (Document Object Model) the structure of your browser and the document it displays.
  • JELLO - Ice, jello, and liquid are related terms describing three approaches to controlling content placement on a Web page. Because the browser user can control and change both screen resolution and window size, the Web page designer is challenged to design a page that will achieve its intended effect in spite of user resizing. An ice page is one in which the primary content has a fixed width in pixel and assumes a left margin alignment. Such a page is designed to display optimally on one particular display resolution setting and window size and either specifies or assumes that size. If the resolution is set to a different setting, the page may have unneeded space on the right size of the display window, but this is a risk that the designer chooses to take.
  • JUMP PAGE - In Web advertising and marketing, a jump page is a Web page that is made to appear temporarily in order to capture the user's attention as a promotion or to gather user information in a survey.
  • JPEG - ( Joint Photographic Experts Group) – Most commonly used format for image files. Great for photographic images as opposed to line art or logo art.

Terms - K to O

  • KEIRETSU - In corporate culture, keiretsu refers to a uniquely Japanese form of corporate organization. The keiretsu system is based on an intimate partnership between government and businesses. It can best be understood as the intricate web of relationships that links banks, manufacturers, suppliers, and distributors with the Japanese government.
  • KEYWORD(S) - A word searched for in a search command. Keywords are searched in any order. Use spaces to separate keywords in simple keyword searching.
  • KILOBYTE - A kilobyte (pronounced KEE-lo-bite) is a measure of computer data storage capacity and is "roughly" a thousand bytes. A kilobyte is two to the 10th power, or 1,024 in decimal notation.
  • LAN - LOCAL AREA NETWORK, A computer network that spans a relative small area. Most connect work stations and personal computers. Each computer has its own CPU with which it executes the program but it is also able to access data and devices anywhere on the Network.. Great for sharing printers, files, And storing programs to one CPU as compared to 5 or 6.
  • LINK - A connection between two HTML documents. IE: what happens when you click on an image or highlighted text in a web page.
  • LINUX - A widely used OPEN SOURCE UNIX like operating system. The inner workings of LINUX are open and available to anyone to examine and change as long as they make their changes available to the public.
  • MAIL FILTER - A program that allows the user to sort email messages according to information contained in the header.
  • MAILBOT - An email server that automatically responds to requests for information.
  • MAILING LIST - A discussion forum where a user subscribes to receive information by email.
  • MARKUP - Markup refers to the sequence of characters or other symbols that you insert at certain places in a text or word processing file to indicate how the file should look when it is printed or displayed or to describe the document's logical structure. There is now a standard markup definition for document structure (or really a description of how you can define markup) in the Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML).
  • MEGABYTE - Used to describe disk storage capacity and transmission rates, a megabyte is 1,000,000 bytes in decimal notation.
  • META DATA - Metadata is a definition or description of data and metalanguage is a definition or description of language.
    -The coding on the back end of your website that allows the search engines to locate you. Including Titles, Keywords, and Description. Also content is important in this area on the actual web page to support the tags.
  • MIME -MIME (Multi-Purpose Internet Mail Extensions) is an extension of the original Internet e-mail protocol that lets people use the protocol to exchange different kinds of data files on the Internet: audio, video, images, application programs, and other kinds, as well as the ASCII text handled in the original protocol, the Simple Mail Transport Protocol (SMTP).
  • MIRROR - To maintain an exact copy of something. Web site or FTP sites that maintain copies of material originated at another location, usually in order to provide more widespread access to the resource.
  • MODEM -A device that connects a computer to a phone line. A telephone for a computer allowing computer to speak to each other over the phone line.
  • MOZILLA - Mozilla was Netscape Communication's nickname for Navigator, its Web browser, and, more recently, the name of an open source public collaboration aimed at making improvements to Navigator.
  • MULIT-MEDIA -Means more than one of the following media devices being used at one time. Animation, Sound, Video, 3-D, and or Virtual Reality.
  • MySQL - A relational database management system famous for being OPEN SOURCE, usually free and highly efficient. Essentially a database is defined as an organized collection of data. The DBMS sits "on top of" this data providing and interface between the database and the user.
  • NDIS - Network Driver Interface Specification (NDIS) is a Windows specification for how communication protocol programs (such as TCP/IP) and network device driver should communicate with each other.
  • NETIQUETTE - The etiquettes on the internet.
  • NETWORK -Any time 2 or more computers are connected together to share resources.
  • NIC - Network Information Center- An office that handles information for a network.
  • NYM - A nym (pronounced NIHM and a shortened form of "pseudonym,") is a name invented by or provided for an Internet user in order to conceal the user's real identity and, in some cases, to expressly create a new and separate Internet identity.
  • ONLINE MARKETING - Real world marketing on the WWW. Strategies and concepts that have proven to be of success to be SEEN on the Net.
  • ONLINE RESEARCH - Services to research information in your industry to better meet your needs on the Net.
  • OPEN SOURCE SOFTWARE - Software for which the underlying programming code is available to the users so that they may read it, make changes to it, and build new versions of the software incorporating their changes.
  • ORACLE -Another relational database management system famous for being very good with many add-ons and a long internet history.

Terms - P to S

  • PDF - PDF (Portable Document Format) is a file format that has captured all the elements of a printed document as an electronic image that you can view, navigate, print, or forward to someone else.
  • PERL -A scripting language that borders functionality on being a programming language famous for being portable, and reliable. It is probably the most common language for CGI. It is OPEN SOURCE
  • PHP -Hypertext Processor is a server-side HTML embedded scripting language used to create dynamic Web pages.
  • PING - Ping is a basic Internet program that lets you verify that a particular IP address exists and can accept requests.
  • PING OF DEATH - On the Internet, ping of death is a denial of service (DoS) attack caused by an attacker deliberately sending an IP packet larger than the 65,536 bytes allowed by the IP protocol.
  • PLATFORM -The type of computer or operating system on which a software application runs.
  • PLUG-IN - A downloadable program that attaches to your browser to allow the use of certain multi media.
  • POP -Post Office Protocol- Refers to the way an email client gets email from a server. When you sign up for an email account from your ISP you get a POP account with in it.
  • PORTAL - Used as a marketing term to describe a web site that is or is intended to be the first place people see when using the Web. Typically a "Portal Site" has a catalog of web sites, a search engine or both. A portal site may also offer email to entice a user to use that site as their MAIN POINT OF ENRTY to the WWW.
  • PREFERNCE SETTING -A set of parameters on software tools, especially WWW BROWSERS, that allow the user to attach a signature file to email or newsgroup messages, change the color and the appearance of text etc.
  • PROTOCOL - A specification that describes how computers will talk to each other on a network.
  • PROXY SERVER - Sits in between the client and the Real server that a client is trying to use. Client's are sometimes configured to use a proxy server usually as an HTTP server. The client makes all its requests form the proxy server which then makes a request form the real server and passes the result back to the client. Commonly established on LAN.
  • PROFESSIONAL COPY EDITING AND CONTENT DEVELOPMENT -Development of content for your web site and editing of your material to meet WWW standards.
  • QUICK TIME-Apple computer's entry in the video format arena.
  • QXGA - (Quantum Extended Graphics Array) is a display mode in which the resolution is 2048 pixels horizontally by 1536 pixels vertically (2048 x 1536). This results in 3,145,728 pixels in the image (sometimes referred to as 3.2 million pixels).
  • QUEUE - In general, a queue is a line of people or things waiting to be handled, usually in sequential order starting at the beginning or top of the line or sequence. In computer technology, a queue is a sequence of work objects that are waiting to be processed.
  • REAL TIME CHAT - This is one use of that internet that allows live conversation between by typing on a computer terminal. The most common are Talk and Instant Messaging.
  • REDIRECTION - On a Web site, redirection is a technique for moving visitors to a Web page when its address has been changed and visitors are familiar with the old address. Web users often encounter redirection when they visit the Web site of a company whose name has been changed or which has been acquired by another company.
  • ROUTER -Hardware or software that connects a local network to the Internet. Routers spend all their time looking at the destination address of the packets passing though them and deciding which route to send them on.
  • RDRAM - (Rambus Dynamic Random Access Memory) is a memory subsystem that promises to transfer up to 1.6 billion bytes per second. The subsystem consists of the random access memory (RAM), the RAM controller, and the bus (path) connecting RAM to the microprocessor and devices in the computer that use it.
  • RAS - In computer memory technology, RAS (row address strobe) is a signal sent to a dynamic random access memory (DRAM) that tells it that an associated address is a row address.
  • RDBMS - A relational database management system (RDBMS) is a program that lets you create, update, and administer a relational database. An RDBMS takes Structured Query Language (SQL) statements entered by a user or contained in an application program and creates, updates, or provides access to the database.
  • SDSL-(Symmetric Digital Subscriber Line) A version of DSL where upload and downloads speeds are the same.
  • SGML - SGML (Standard Generalized Markup Language) is a standard for how to specify a document markup language or tag set. Such a specification is itself a document type definition (DTD). SGML is not in itself a document language, but a description of how to specify one. It is metadata.
  • SEARCH ENGINE-A service that will search the entire WWW according to your search request. Like YAHOO and MSN
  • SEARCH ENGINE OPTIMIZATION -Getting your website search engine friendly as to be received and submit as requested by the search engines protocol.
  • SERVER - A computer or a software package that provides a specific kind of service to a client software running on other computers. Can refer to software on the WWW or a specific machine for where the software is running.
  • SERVER CO-LOCATION -an address for your website.
  • SESSION TRACKING -Ability to track who is coming to your site and from where and how long.
  • SITE MAP - A site map is a visual or textually organized model of a Web site's content that allows the users to navigate through the site to find the information they are looking for, just as a traditional geographical map helps people find places they are looking for in the real world. A site map is a kind of interactive table of contents, in which each listed item links directly to its counterpart sections of the Web site. Site maps perform the same service that the layout maps in large shopping malls perform so if you have a large site, a site map can be very useful to your site visitors.
  • SOAP - Simple Object Access Protocol (SOAP) is a way for a program running in one kind of operating system (such as Windows 2000) to communicate with a progam in the same or another kind of an operating system (such as Linux) by using the World Wide Web's Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP)and its Extensible Markup Language (XML) as the mechanisms for information exchange.
  • SMDS -(Switched Multimegabit Data Service- A standard for a very high speed data transfer.
  • SNAIL MAIL -Mail sent via the US post office as opposed through the internet.
  • SPAM -An inappropriate attempt to use a mailing list or USENET or other networked communications facility as if it was a broadcast medium, by sending the same message to a large of people who didn't ask for it.
  • SQL - (Structured Query Language) is a standard interactive and programming language for getting information from and updating a database.
  • STREAMING -Data streaming, commonly used in the terms "audio streaming" or "video Streaming" is when data moves from one computer to another and doesn't have to be completely downloaded for the receiving computer to do something with it.
  • SSL -(Secure Sockets Layer)- A standard for encrypted transmissions of the web. A protocol developed by Netscape for transmitting documents via the internet. SSL works by using a public key to encrypt data that's transferred over the SSL connection. Both Netscape and Internet Explorer support SSL and many web sites use the protocol to obtain confidential user information, such as credit card numbers. By convention, URL's that require an SSL connection usually start with HTTPS: instead of HTTP:
  • SYSOP -System Operator- Anyone responsible for the physical operations of a computer system or network resource.

Terms - T to Z

  • TAG - A tag is a generic term for a language element descriptor.
  • TCP/IP -(Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol)-This is the suiteof protocols that defines the Internet. Originally designed for the UNIX operating system. TCP/IP is now included in every major kind of computer operating system. To be truly on the internet you must have TCP/IP software.
  • T1 - A leased line connection capable of carrying data at 1,544,000 bits per second. Commonly used to connect large LAN's to the Internet.
  • T3 -A leased line connection capable of carrying data at 44,736,000 bits per second. This is more than enough to do full screen, full motion video.
  • TELNET -The command and program used to login from one internet site to another.
  • TERMINAL -A device that allows you to send commands to a computer somewhere else. At minimum this means a keyboard and a display screen and some simple circuitry.
  • TERMINAL SERVER - A special purpose computer that has places to plug in many modems on one side and connection to a LAN or Host machine on the other side. Thus the terminal does that work of answering the calls and passed the connections on to the a appropriate work station.
  • TEXT BASED BROWSER -A browser that cannot handle hypermedia files.
  • URI - (Uniform Resource Identifier) As address for a S resource on the internet.
  • URL - (Uniform Resource Locator) This is the actual address of your web page including the server you are using.
  • URN - ( Uniform Resource Name) A URI that is supposed to be available for a long time.
  • USENET - A worldwide system for discussion groups, with comments passed along hundreds of thousands of machines.
  • UUENCODE -( UNIX to UNIX Encoding)- A method for converting files from Binary to ASCII (text)so that they can be sent across the internet via email.
  • VECTOR BASED GRAPHICS - Vector graphics is the creation of digital images through a sequence of commands or mathematical statements that place lines and shapes in a given two-dimensional or three-dimensional space. In physics, a vector is a representation of both a quantity and a direction at the same time. In vector graphics, the file that results from a graphic artist's work is created and saved as a sequence of vector statements. For example, instead of containing a bit in the file for each bit of a line drawing, a vector graphic file describes a series of points to be connected.
  • VISUAL BASIC - Visual Basic (VB) is a programming environment from Microsoft in which a programmer uses a graphical user interface to choose and modify preselected sections of code written in the BASIC programming language.
  • VRRP - Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol, is an Internet protocol that provides a way to have one or more backup routers when using a statically configured router on a local area network (LAN).
  • VPN - Virtual Private Network, Usually refers to a network in which some of the parts are connected using the public internet, but the data sent across the internet is encrypted. So the entire network is Virtually private.
  • W3C - The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C)
  • WAP - WAP (Wireless Application Protocol) is a specification for a set of communication protocols to standardize the way that wireless devices, such as cellular telephones and radio transceivers, can be used for Internet access, including e-mail, the World Wide Web, newsgroups, and Internet Relay Chat (IRC).
  • WEB HOSTING - Access to data through modem or network.
  • WEBMASTER - The person responsible for administering a web site.
  • WEB PAGE - A text document made up of HTML tags that may contain links, graphics, downloadable files, other web pages, audio, and or video sources.
  • WEB PRESENCE - Your accessibility and availability on the NET. Your ability to be found easily by viewers.
  • WEB SITE - A Web site is a related collection of World Wide Web files that includes a beginning file called a home page. A company or an individual tells you how to get to their Web site by giving you the address of their home page. From the home page, you can get to all the other pages on their site.
  • WEBSITE DEVELOPMENT/MANAGEMENT - The ability to take your visions and implement them into a viable reality.
  • WML - (Wireless Markup Language), formerly called HDML (Handheld Devices Markup Languages), is a language that allows the text portions of Web pages to be presented on cellular telephones and personal digital assistants (PDAs) via wireless access. WML is part of the Wireless Application Protocol (WAP) that is being proposed by several vendors to standards bodies.
  • WYSIWYG - (pronounced "wiz-ee-wig") editor or program is one that allows an interface or content developer to create a graphical user interface (GUI) or page of text so that the developer can see what the end result will look like while the interface or document is being created. WYSIWYG is an acronym for "what you see is what you get".
  • XSP - xSP is a generic term for any kind of service provider on the Internet. The two main kinds of service provider are the Internet service provider (ISP), which provides users with connection to the Internet and sometimes offers hosting and other services, and the application service provider (ASP), which provides remote access to one or more computer applications.
  • XML - XML (Extensible Markup Language) is a flexible way to create common information formats and share both the format and the data on the World Wide Web, intranets, and elsewhere.
  • XSD - (XML Schema Definition), a Recommendation of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), specifies how to formally describe the elements in an Extensible Markup Language (XML) document.
  • XSL - XSL (Extensible Stylesheet Language), formerly called Extensible Style Language, is a language for creating a style sheet that describes how data sent over the Web using the Extensible Markup Language (XML) is to be presented to the user.
  • XHTML - A hybrid between HTML and XML specifically designed for Net device displays, ensures that layout and presentation stay true to form over any platform.
  • Y2K - The year 2000 (also known as "Y2K") raised questions for anyone who depended on a program in which the year was represented by a two-digit number, such as "97" for 1997. Many programs written years ago (when storage limitations encouraged such information economies) are still being used. The problem was that when the two-digit space allocated for "99" rolled over to 2000, the next number was "00." Frequently, program logic assumes that the year number gets larger, not smaller - so "00" was anticipated to wreak havoc in a program that hadn't been modified to account for the millennium.
  • ZOMBIE - On the World Wide Web, a zombie is an abandoned and sadly out-of-date Web site that for some reason has been moved to another Web address. It's a ghost site that appears to have moved.
  • ZIP DRIVE - A Zip drive is a small, portable disk drive used primarily for backing up and archiving personal computer files.

end faq

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